|Title||Dynamic Modeling and Control Studies of a Two-Stage Bubbling Fluidized Bed Adsorber-Reactor for Solid–Sorbent CO2 Capture|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Modekurti S, Bhattacharyya D, Zitney SE|
|Journal||Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research|
|Type of Article||Journal Article dcm|
A one-dimensional, nonisothermal, pressure-driven dynamic model has been developed for a two-stage bubbling fluidized bed (BFB) adsorber-reactor for solid–sorbent carbon dioxide (CO2) capture using Aspen Custom Modeler (ACM). The BFB model for the flow of gas through a continuous phase of downward moving solids considers three regions: emulsion, bubble, and cloud-wake. Both the upper and lower reactor stages are of overflow-type configuration, i.e., the solids leave from the top of each stage. In addition, dynamic models have been developed for the downcomer that transfers solids between the stages and the exit hopper that removes solids from the bottom of the bed. The models of all auxiliary equipment such as valves and gas distributors have been integrated with the main model of the two-stage adsorber reactor. Using the developed dynamic model, the transient responses of various process variables such as CO2 capture rate and flue gas outlet temperatures have been studied by simulating typical disturbances such as change in the temperature, flow rate, and composition of the incoming flue gas from pulverized coal-fired power plants. In control studies, the performance of a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller, feedback-augmented feedforward controller, and linear model predictive controller (LMPC) are evaluated for maintaining the overall CO2 capture rate at a desired level in the face of typical disturbances.