|Title||Optimization of Sub-Ambient Separation Systems with Embedded Cubic Equation of State Thermodynamic Models and Complementarity Constraints|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Dowling AW, Balwani C, Gao Q, Biegler LT|
|Journal||Computers & Chemical Engineering|
|Type of Article||Journal Article dcm|
The equation-based flowsheet optimization framework previously developed by the authors is extended and applied to design sub-ambient separation systems for oxy-fired coal power systems with carbon capture. Unlike most commercial flowsheet design and optimization tools, the proposed methods use exact derivatives and large-scale nonlinear programming algorithms to solve large flowsheet design problems with many degrees of freedom, including the simultaneous design of air separation units (ASUs) and their accompanying multi-stream heat exchangers. Emphasis is placed on additional model improvements regarding thermodynamic calculations. In order to maintain differentiability, complementarity constraints are used to model switches, including vanishing and reappearing phases. As consequence of these complementarity constraints, it is possible to construct trivial phase equilibrium solutions (with K = 1). A procedure based on embedded bubble and dew points calculations is proposed to avoid these false equilibrium solutions. Furthermore, additional complementarity constraints for the cubic equation of state model are proposed to ensure correct phase identification in the supercritical region. Finally, the efficacy of these new models are demonstrated by optimization of the CO2 processing unit and compression train for an oxy-fired power plant.